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AMICO Editorial Committee: Object Types

As agreed at the AMICO Members Meeting, June 2000

One of the following terms must be used in the Object Type (OTY) field of a an AMICO Catalog record. Other terms that classify the object may be recorded in Classification Term (CLT). Object types will be checked against this list when records are validated. This function has now been implemented for the 2001 AMICO LibraryYear. AMICO will update records from past years. See the discussion on the Editorial Committee list.

  1. Architecture
  2. Audio-Video
  3. Books
  4. Costume and Jewelry
  5. Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
  6. Digital Arts
  7. Drawings and Watercolors
  8. Installations
  9. Mixed Media
  10. Paintings
  11. Performance Arts
  12. Photographs
  13. Prints
  14. Sculpture
  15. Textiles
  16. Other

Definitions

  1. Architecture
    Definition
    Structures or parts of structures that were made by human beings. Generally, it refers only to structures that are large enough for human beings to enter, are of practical use, and are relatively stable and permanent. (AAT)
    Includes
    Architectural fragments, models, architectural sculpture, mosaics, stained glass windows, period rooms
    Excludes
    For architectural drawings and plans, use Drawings and Watercolors. For architectural photographs, use Photographs. For furnishings, use Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects.

  2. Audio-Video
    Includes
    Film, videotapes, videodiscs, audio records and tapes, video Installations
    Excludes
    For multimedia and computer-based works, use Digital Arts

  3. Books
    Definition
    Collections of wood or ivory tablets, or sheets of paper, parchment, or similar material, that are blank, written on, or printed, and are strung or bound together; commonly many folded and bound sheets containing continuous printing or writing; especially, when printed, a bound volume, or a volume of some size. (AAT)
    Includes
    Manuscripts, illuminated manuscripts, books

  4. Costume and Jewelry
    Definition
    Artifacts worn or carried for warmth, protection, embellishment, or symbolic purposes. (AAT)
    Includes
    Clothing, ceremonial costume, masks, bags, hats, fans, jewelry
    Excludes
    For personal use equipment, such as hand mirrors, combs, brushes, umbrellas, pipes, cigarette holders, and eyeglasses, use Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects. For textile fragments that cannot be worn, use Textiles.

  5. Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
    Definition
    Works that serve utilitarian as well as aesthetic purposes, or involving the decoration and embellishment of utilitarian objects. Includes archaeological and ethnographic objects used for utilitarian purposes, ritual practices, funerary practices.
    Includes
    Furniture, furnishings, musical instruments, figurines, plaques, vessels, ritual objects, funerary objects, tools and implements, coins and stamps, arms and armors.

  6. Digital Arts
    Definition
    Computer-based art works created and viewed on computer.
    Includes
    CD-ROM, Web art, multimedia.
    Excludes
    Prints or other works created using computerized tools but not requiring a computer for viewing.

  7. Drawings and Watercolors
    Definition
    Images produced by drawing, which is the application of lines on a surface, often paper, by using a pencil, pen, chalk, or some other tracing instrument. Also includes images produced by the application of watercolor on paper.
    Includes
    Ink drawings, chalk drawings, pastels, watercolors

  8. Installations
    Definition
    Works, beginning in the 20th century and especially the 1970s, that use their exhibition space as part of their design. (AAT)

  9. Mixed Media
    Definition
    20th-century works that merge various art forms or techniques to create new art forms.
    Includes
    Assemblages, collages

  10. Paintings
    Definition
    Use for unique works in which images are formed primarily by the direct application of pigments suspended in oil, water, egg yolk, molten wax, or other liquid, arranged in masses of color, onto a generally two-dimensional surface. (AAT)
    Excludes
    For watercolors and gouaches, use Drawings and Watercolors.

  11. Performance Arts
    Definition
    Works of art that unfold over time and that fall, by intention, between theater and object-oriented art. (AAT)
    Includes
    Performances documented by means of videotape, photographs, etc.

  12. Photographs
    Definition
    Refers to still images produced from radiation-sensitive materials (sensitive to light, electron beams, or nuclear radiation), generally by means of the chemical action of light on a sensitive film, paper, glass, or metal. Photographs may be positive or negative, opaque or transparent. (AAT)
    Includes
    Albumen prints, gelatin silver prints, glass negatives, lantern slides
    Excludes
    For reproductive prints of documents and technical drawings use Prints.

  13. Prints
    Definition
    Pictorial works produced by transferring images by means of a matrix such as a plate, block, or screen, using any of various printing processes. (AAT)
    Includes
    Engravings, etchings, woodcuts, linocuts, lithographs, serigraphs; plates, blocks and screens used for making a print.
    Excludes
    For photographic prints, use Photographs.

  14. Sculpture
    Definition
    Works of art in which images and forms are carried out primarily in three dimensions, especially those that retain the quality of being tangible objects or groups of objects. (AAT)
    Includes
    Sculpture, statues, relief sculpture, environmental art
    Excludes
    For installations use Installations. For mixed media works and assemblages, use Mixed Media.

  15. Textiles
    Definition
    Use collectively for items made of textile materials (AAT)
    Includes
    Tapestries, quilts, lace, carpets, rugs, fabric samples and fragments, embroidery
    Excludes
    For textiles that are worn, use Costume and Jewelry.

  16. Other
    Definition
    Any object falling outside the previous types

(Mixed Media capitalization fixed). See the previous List of Object Types.

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