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AMICO Technology Committee: Technical Formats in Use by AMICO Members

PRELIMINARY SURVEY

Discussion Online: See Call and Comments

Media Type
File Format
File Extension
Members Usage
Resources
Image
Tagged Image File Format
.TIF
for main image contributed to AMICO
http://www.adobe.com/supportservice/devrelations/PDFS/TN/TIFF6.pdf
http://www.dcs.ed.ac.uk/home/mxr/gfx/2d-hi.html
Joint Photographic Experts Group File Format (JFIF / JPEG)
. JPG
for web views and thumbnails
http://www.jpeg.org/public/jpeghomepage.htm
JPEG File Interchange Format
.JFIF
for web views and thumbnails
http://www.jpeg.org/public/jfif.pdf
Graphic File Format
.GIF
for alternate views and thumbnails
http://www.dcs.ed.ac.uk/home/mxr/gfx/2d-hi.html
http://chesworth.com/PV/file_format/
Flashpix
.fpx
for zoomable images
http://www.digitalimaging.org/
Portable Network Graphics
.PNG
for web images
http://www.w3.org/Graphics/PNG/
multi-tresolution seamless image database
.SID
for zoomable web-delivered images
http://www.lizardtech.com/products/mrsid.html
For general information on file formats see: Graphics File Formats FAQ
Text
Hypertext Markup Language
.HTML
for related textual documents and web delivery of catalog records
http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/
Portable Document Format
.PDF
for page images and searchable text of related textual documents
http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/adobepdf.html
Extensible Markup Language
.XML
for related textual documents and web delivery
http://www.w3.org/XML/
http://www.gca.org/whats_xml/default.htm
Standard Generalized Markup Language
.SGML
for related textual documents
http://www.gca.org/whats_xml/default.htm
http://www.gca.org/whats_sgml/default.htm
Rich Text Format
.RTF
for related textual documents
http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/specs/rtfspec.htm
Tagged Image File Format
.TIF
for page images
http://www.dcs.ed.ac.uk/home/mxr/gfx/2d-hi.html
http://chesworth.com/PV/file_format/
Sound
QuickTime
.mov
often with captioning for hearing-impaired
http://developer.apple.com/techpubs/quicktime/quicktime.html
WAVE
.wav
for audio files
http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~cm497/wave.htm
Real Audio
.ram
for audio files
http://service.real.com/help/library/blueprints.html
MP3
.mp3
for audio files
http://help.mp3.com/help/category/aboutmp3s.html
Video
QuickTime
.mov

often with captioning

to enable pan and zoom

http://developer.apple.com/techpubs/quicktime/quicktime.html
See online discussion of use at AIC

Real Video
Ram
for linked video
http://service.real.com/help/library/blueprints.html
Motion Picture Experts Group MPEG
.mpg
for linked multimedia/video

MPEG.2 and MPEG.3
http://www.cselt.it/mpeg/

Composite forms
HyperText Markup Language HTML pages
.HTM
.html
with links to all of the above
http://www.w3.org/Markup/
Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language
.smil
 
http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-smil/
Resource Interchange File Format
.RIFF
to chunk data with WAVE files
http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/psdk/multimed/mmio_2uyb.htm
Virtual reality
Flash
 
for animation http://www.macromedia.com/software/flash/
QT-VR
 
for 3-d visualization http://www.letmedoit.com/qtvr/qtvr_online/course_index.html

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