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AMICO References Cited
Project Description for National Science Foundation Digital Libraries Initiative II

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Organizations and Projects

AAMD. The Association of Art Museum Directors <>

AIC. Art Institute of Chicago, an AMICO member, and partner in this proposal <>

AMICO. Art Museum Image Consortium <> . The Art Museum Image Consoritum’s online catalog of the library. <>

AMN. The Art Museum Network, the web site of the AAMD <>

ANSI. The American ational Standards Institue <>

CHIO. Cultural Heritage Information Online A project of CIMI, involving Z39.50 access to museum datasets. <>

CIMI. Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information <>

CMU Carnegie Mellon University, a partner in this proposal.

EAD Encoded Archival Description. An SGML expression of an archival finding aid <

Ebind Project. Digital Page Imaging and SGML: An Introduction to the Electronic Binding DTD [Online] Available:

FASF. Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. An AMICO Member, and a partner in this proposal. <>

FRICK. The Frick Collection and Art Reference Library, New York. An AMICO Member, and partner in this proposal. <>

GII. Getty Information Institute.<>

Gove. The Grove Dictionary of Art. 34. Vols. Macmillan Reference Ltd. 1996.

HC. Hampshire College, Massachusettes. A partner in this proposal.

IAIA Integrated Arts Information Access. < and>

ICC. International Color Consortium <>

ICOM/CIDOC. International Council of Museums, International Committee on Documentation. <>

MDA. Museum Documentation Association, UK-based museum standards body, and publishers of the SPECTRUM standard. <>

MESL. Museum Educational Site Licensing Project. An experiment in educational use of museum digital documentation, involving 7 collections, 7 universities and the Getty Information Institute. <>

MOA II. The Making of America II Project. A collaborative digital library project involving UC Berekely,Cornell University, New York Public Library, Pennsylvania State University, and Stanford University, within the Digital Library Federation. <>

NISO. National Inforamtion Standards Organization. <>O

OCLC. A Library bibliographic utility and digital library provider. <>

REACH Record Export for Art and Cultural Heritage. A Project of RLG. <>

RIT. Rochester Institute of Technology. A partner in this proposal.

RLG. Research Libraries Group. A partner in this proposal. <>

UIUC. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaigne. A partner in this proposal.

VISION. A project of RLG and the VRA to test the VRA Core.

VRA Visual Resources Association <>

WAC. Walker Art Center. An AMICO member and a partner in this proposal. <>

Online Information Resources

AAI: Index to Nineteenth-Century American Art Periodicals. Available through RLG.

AAT, The Art and Architecture Thesaurus, Getty Information Institute, <> Also available through RLG

Avery. The Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals. Available through RLG.

BHA. The Bibliography of the History of Art. Available through RLG.

Provenance. The Getty Provenance Index. Available through RLG.

RLIN. The Research Libraries Information Network. Available through RLG.

SCIPIO. SCIPIO Art and Rare Book Sales Catalogs. Available through RLG

TGN. The Thesaurus of Geographic Names. Getty Information Institute. <> Also available through RLG

ULAN. The Union List of Artists’ Names. Getty Information Institute. <> Also available through RLG

AMICO. Art Museum Image Consortium [Online] Available: www.amico.orgDC Dublin Core

CIMI. Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information [Online] Available:

CHIO. Cultural heritage Informatio Online A project of CIMI

CHIO. Cultural Heritage Information Online A project of CIMI

CIMI. Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information [Online] Available:

DC Dublin Core

DIG Digital Imaging Group, [Online] Available at

Ebind Project. Digital Page Imaging and SGML: An Introduction to the Electronic Binding DTD [Online] Available:

MDA. Museum Documentation Association, architects of the SPECTRUM standard. Online at url:

Content Standards and Standards Development

AMICO DataSpec 1998. Art Museum Image Consortium. AMICO Data Specification. Comprised of Catalog Record Specification, Version 1.0, Multimedia File Metadata Specification, Version 1.0, Related Image and Multimedia Files Specification. [<] at url:>

AMICO Map 1998. Map of the AMICO Data Dictionary to other Element/Attribute Sets. <>

CDWA 1998. Art Information Task Force, Categories for the Description of Works of Art, College Art Association and Getty Art History Information Program. <[ at url]>

CIDOC Core Categories. International Guidelines for Museum Object Information: The CIDOC Information Categories. International Committee for Documentation o f the International Council of Museum, 1995. [< at url]>

CIDOC 1997. CIDOC Reference Model. Draft object oriented model of museum information. maintained by Nick Crofts and Pat Reed, CIDOC Documentation Standards Group. Draft. 14 December 1997.

Kahin/Abbate 1195. Kahin Brian, and Janet Abbate, eds. Standards Policy for Information Infrastructure. Cambridge, MA and London: The MIT Press.

SPECTRUMSPECTRUM. Museum Documentation Association. SPECTRUM; The UK Museum Documentation Standard, second edition, 1997. . S<ee> Available from the Museum Documentation Association.

VRA Core. Visual Resources Association Data Standards Committee. The Core Categories for Visual Resources, Version 2.0, October 15, 1997. [< at url]>


Besser/Trant 1994. Besser, Howard and Jennifer Trant. "Describing Imaging Files: The Need for a Technical Standard," Coalition for Networked Information, Orlando, Florida, Nov.1994. <>

Besser/Trant 1995. Besser, Howard and Jennifer Trant. Introduction to Imaging: issues in constructing an image database. Getty Art History Information Program, 1995.

CIMI 1998. Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information (CIMI) Z39.50 Working Group (1998, March 1). The CIMI Profile: Z39.50 Application Profile for Cultural Heritage Information.<>

Ester 1996. Ester, Michael, Digital Image Collections: Issues and Practice, The Commission on Preservation & Access, December 1996.

DIG Digital Imaging Group, an industry group exploring tiled and layered image file formats that enable progressive delivery of visual data <>

Jackson, et al 1994. Jackson, Richard, Lindsay MacDonald and Ken Freeman, Computer Generated Color: a practical guide to presentation and display. Wiley..

Kenney 1996. Anne Kenney, Digital Imaging for Libraries and Archives, Cornell University Library, June 1996.

Knoll/Psohlavec 1995. Knoll, Adolf, and Stanislave Psohlavec, Digitization of Old Manuscripts, Praha, Národní knihovna, 1995.

Kenny/Chapman 1995. Digital Resolution Requirements for Replacing Text-Based Material: Methods for Benchmarking Image Quality. Commission on Preservation and Access. 1995.

Reilly/Frey 1996. James M. Reilly and Franziska S. Frey, "Recommendations for the Evaluation of Digital Images Produced from Photographic, Microphotographic, and Various Paper Formats". Report to the Library of Congress National Digital Library Project by the Image Permanence Institute. May 1996. <>

Robinson 1993. Robinson, Peter, The Digitzation of Primary Textual Sources. Office for Humanities Communication Publications,No. 4.

Trant 1995. Trant, Jennifer. "Framing the Picture: Standards for Imaging Systems," in David Bearman, ed., Multimedia Computing and Museums, Selected Papers from the Third International Conference on Hypermedia and Interactivitiy in Museums, Pittsburgh, PA: Archives and Museum Informatics, 347-367.

Museums, Technology and Digital Libraries

Arms, William Y., Christophe Blanchi, Edward A. Overly, "An Architecture for Information in Digital Libraries" D-Lib Magazine, February 1997 <>[ISSN 1082-9873]

Bearman 1996 . Bearman, David Research Agenda for Networked Cultural Heritage (Santa Monica CA, Getty Art History Information Program, 1996) p.7-22; "Archiving and Authenticity", p.63-67
Bearman 1995a. Bearman, David. "Standards for Networked Cultural Heritage", Archives and Museum Informatics, Vvol. 9, 1995, p.279-307.
Bearman 1995b. Bearman, David. "Data Relationships in the Documentation of Cultural Objects", in Jane Sledge ed. Categories for Description of Works of Art a special issue of (Santa Monica, Getty Trust, 1995) also Visual Resources, Volv. 11, p.295-306.
Bearman 1994. Bearman, David, "Thesaurally Mediated Retrieval", Visual Resources, Vvol. 10, pp.295-307.

Bearman 1992. Bearman, David, "Documenting Documentation", Archivaria, #34, Summer 1992, p.33-49.

Bearman/Peterson 1991. Bearman, David. 1991 with Toni Peterson, "Retrieval Requirements of Faceted Thesauri in Interactive Information Systems" in Susanne Humphrey and Barbara Kwasnik, Advances in Classification Research: Proceedings of the 1st ASIS SIG/CR Classification Research Workshop (Medford NJ, Learned Information, 1991)

Bearman/ and Trant 1998 c, Bearman, David, and Jennifer Trant. "Authenticity of Digital Resources: Towards a Statement of Requirements in the Research Process", D-Lib Magazine, June 1998 (ISSN 1082-9873). <>

Bearman/Trant 1998b. Bearman, David, and Jennifer Trant. "Unifying Cultural Memory," with David Bearman, Information Landscapes for a Learning Society, Networking and the future of libraries 3 [at press], 1998.

Bearman & Trant 1997c. D. Bearman and J. Trant, 'Beyond "Putting It Up"': Licensing Museum Content for Educational Use", Museum Computer Network Conference, session, October 18, 1997

Bearman/Trant and Trant 1997a. Bearman, David, and Jennifer Trant.David Bearman and Jennifer Trant, eds and intro.. Museums and the Web 97: selected papers. Archives & Museum Informatics. 1997.

Bearman/ and Trant 1997b. Bearman, David, and Jennifer Trant.David Bearman and Jennifer Trant. Museum Interactive Multimedia 1997: cultural heritage systems design and interfaces. Archives & Museum Informatics 1997.

Bearman/Trant 1997c. Bearman, David, and Jennifer Trant., "Beyond Simple Resource Discovery: A framework for metadata declarations of disciplinary schema to support research in heterogeneous collections," International Symposium on Information Technology in Museums - Intergrated Applications, Bbonn Germany, December 1-2, 1997. Proceedings at press.

Beyond Interface 1998. Dietz, Steve (curator) Beyond Interface an exhibition of online art in conjunction with Museums and the Web 1998. < beyond_interface> t

Blackaby and Sandore, 1997. Blackaby, Jim and Beth Sandore. "Bbuildling Integrated Museum Information Retrieval Systems: Practical Approaches to Data Organization and Access". Archives and Museum Informamtics: the cultural heritage informatics quarterly, vol. 11, no. 2, 1997, 117-146.

Blake Archives. The Blake Archive. ( A hypermedia archive sponsored by the Library of Congress and supported by the Getty Grant Program, the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities at the University of Virginia, Sun Microsystems, and Inso Corporation. With additional support from the Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill). Editors, Morris Eaves, University of Rochester, Robert Essick, University of California, Riverside, Joseph Viscomi, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. <Online at url:>

Blue Angel Technologies, Inc. 1998. MetaStar products: Software Development Kits. [<>Online at url:]. Available: [1998, July 7].

Bower 1993. Bower, James. "Vocabulary Control and the Virtual Database", Knowledge Organization, vol.20, 1993, p.4-7

British Library 1998. Carpenter, Leona, Simon Shaw and Andrews Prescott, Towards the Digital Library: The British Library’s Initiative s for Accesss programme, The British Library.

CDWA 1998. Art Information Task Force, Categories for the Description of Works of Art, College Art Association and Getty Art History Information Program, [Online] Available:

CIMI 1998. Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information (CIMI) CIMI Z39.50 Working Group (1998, March 1). The CIMI Profile: Z39.50 Application Profile for Cultural Heritage Information. [Online at url:]. Available: [1998, July 8]

CIMI. Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information [Online] Available:

Croft 1995. Croft, W. Bruce, "What do People Want from Information Retrieval?", D-Lib Magazine, November 1995 (ISSN 1082-9873)

Donovan 1995. Donovan, Kevin. "The Anatomy of an Imaging Project," Spectra, Vol. 23, no. 2, 19-22.

Greenstein/Trant 1996. Greenstein, D. and J. Trant. "The Arts and Humanities Data Service. Collecting digital research data; building a framework for digital resource preservation and interchange," with Daniel Greenstein, Ariadne (July/August, 1996) <>

Hammer & Favro 1996. Hammer, S., & Favaro, J. Z39.50 and the World Wide Web. D-Lib Magazine [Online], March 1996 <Online at url:Available:>

Hooper-Greenhill 1992. Hooper-Greenhill, Eilean. Museums and the Shaping of Knowledge. London and New York: Routledge. [1998, July 8].

Koschman 1996. Koschman, T. , (1996) Paradigm Shifts and Instructional Technology: An Introduction, in Koschman, T. (editor) CSCL: Theory and Practice of an Emerging Paradigm, LEA, New Jersey

Kräutler 1996. Hadwig Kräutler, ed., New Strategies for communication in museums. Proceedings of ICOM/CECA 1996. Austria.

Lagoze 1998. Carl Lagoze, Eric Miller, Ora Lassila, Ralph R. Swick, Renato Iannella, Robert Schloss, Stuart Weibel, "WWW7 Tutorial: Using Web Metadata", Brisbane Australia, WWW7 Conference 04/10/1998. <Online at url:>

Lynch 1997a. Clifford A. Lynch. "The Uncertain Future for Digital Visual Collections in the University". Archives and Museum Informatics, the cultural heritage informatics quarterly. Vvol.. 11., no. 1, 5-13

McClung 1995. McClung, Patricia, ed., Digital Image Access Project . Research Libraries Group, Inc.

MESL 1998a. Christie Stephenson and Patricia McClung eEds. Delivering Digital Images: Cultural Heritage Resources for Education. (The Museum Educational Site Licensing Project, v.1) Los Angeles: Getty Information Institute, 1998.

MESL 1998b. Patricia McClung and Christie Stephenson. eEds. Images Online: Perspectives on the Museum Educational Site Licensing Project. (The Museum Educational Site Licensing Project, v.2) Los Angeles: Getty Information Institute, 1998.

Michard 1998. Michard, Alain and Gaing Pham-Dac. "Description of Collections and encyclopaedias on the Web using XML." Archives and Museum Informatics, Vol 12, no. 1. 1998 [at press]

Milekic 1997. Milekic, S. (1997) "Virtual Museums: How to make digital information child-friendly?", in, Museums and the Web 97: Selected Papers, Pittsburgh, Archives & Museum Informatics.

Miller 1998. Noreault, Terry (for Eric Miller) ."RDF and Collections" A Pesentation at the Coalition for Networked Information, April 15,1998.

Molholt & Petersen 1993. Molholt, Patricia and Petersen, Toni. "The Role of the ‘Art and Architecture Thesaurus’ in Communicating about Visual Arts", Knowledge Organization, Vvol. 20, 1993, p.30-34.

MOA 1998. The Making of America II Testbed Project White Paper, Version 1.03 (March 16, 1998).

OCLC 1998. Integrating Resources with OCLC SiteSearch (No date). OCLC newsletter [Online], 231. <>

Object/Image 1998. Object, Image, Inquiry; the art historian at work. MarilynSchmitt, ed. Getty Art History Informaiton Program.Available: [1998, July 7].

Payette & Rieger 1997. Payette, S. D. , & Rieger, O. Y. "Z39.50: The User's Perspective".
D-Lib Magazine [Online], April 1997. Available: <>.

Petersen/Barnett 1994 Petersen, Toni and Patricia Barnett. A Guide to Indexing and Cataloguing with the Art and Architecture Thesaurus. A companion volume to the 2nd edition. Oxford University Press. [1998, July 8].

Popa 1997. Popa, Sorin. "WarpRes Technology - White Paper" at url:,htmRecommendationsRecomendationsSandore/Shaik 1998. Sandore, Beth and Najmuddin Shaik. "Report of the Instructor and Student Evaluation of the MESL Image Database." In MESL: Delivering Digital Images. Santa Monica: The Getty Information Institute, 1998.

RLG. Research Libraries Group [Online] Available:

Signore et al. 1997. Oreste Signore, Rigoletto Bartoli, Giuseppe Fresta and Mario Loffredo, ""Implementing the Cognitive Layer of a Hypermedia", in Museum Interactive Multimedia 1997: cultural heritage systems design and interfaces. D. Bearman and J. Trant Eds, Archives & Museum Informatics. 1997.

Shapiro 1990. Shapiro, Michael ed., The Museum: a reference guide, with Louis Ward Kemp. New York: Greenwood Press.

Shapiro 1997. Shapiro, Michael, "Not Money, Control," The Fair Use Debate. Museum News, Vol. 76, No 5. 37-41.

Sorkow 1997. Janice Sorkow. "Pricing and Licensing for Museum Digital Content". Archives and Museum Informatics: a cultural heritage informatics quarterly. vol. 11, no. 2, 1997 165-179.

Spiro et al 1991. Spiro, R.J., Feltovich,P.J., Jacobson,M., & Coulson, R.L. (1991) Cognitive flexibility, constructivism, and hypertext: Advanced knowledge acquisition in ill-structured domains. Educational Technology, 31(9), 22-25

St. Pierre /& Tanara 1998. St. Pierre, M., & Tanara, J.. The CIMI Interoperability Testbed: An Implementor’s Perspective. 1998. <> [Online]. Available: [1998, July 7].

St. Pierre, 1997. St. Pierre, M.. Z39.50 Explained May 1998. [Online]. Available: [1998, July 8] <>.

Sweden, 1997. CultureNet Sweden, Summary of the Work and the Recommendations of the Government appointed IT Committee on Sweden’sSweeden’s Cultural Network. StockholmStocklholm, 1997.

Trant/&andBearraman 1998. Museums and the Web: Proceedings, Archives & Museum Informatics, 1998.

Trant/ & Bearman 1997. J. Trant, Jennifer and D. Bearman, "The Art Museum Image Consortium: Licensing Museum Digital Documentation for Educational Use", Spectra, Fall 1997. < [Online], Available:>

Trant 1998. Trant, Jennifer. "When All You’ve Got’s the Real Thing: museums and authenticity in a networked world," Archives and Museum Informatics: the cultural heritage informatics quarterly, Vol. 12, no. 2, 1998 [at press].

Trant 1996b. Trant, Jennifer. "The Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) and the UK Office for Library and Information Neworking (UKOLN): A co-ordinated strategy to identify shared metadata requireemnts. A proposal to the information Services Sub-Committee (ISSC) of the Joint Informations systemsCommittee (JISC) of the Higher Educationa Funding Councils (HEFCs). Submitted by L. Dempsey and D. Greenstein. Drafted by J. Trant. September 6, 1996.

Trant 1996b. Trant, Jennifer. "Images on the Network: Challenges and Opportunities," American Council of Learned Societies, Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., April 1996; and the ACLS Newsletter.

Trant 1996c. Trant, Jennifer. "The Museum Educational Site Licensing (MESL) Project: An Update," Spectra, the Journal of the Museum Computer Network, Spring 1996.

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